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Phrases starting with the letter: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Greek and Latin Elements in English

Combining Forms

Greek/LatinEnglishExample(s)
acantho-, Gkspinyacanthoid
acid-, acri-, acer-, acu-, Lkeen, sharp, pointacrid, acerbic, acute
acme, Gkculminationacme
acous-, Gkto hearacoustic
acro-, Gktip, topacrophobia
act-, -action, Llead, drive, carryinteraction
actino-, Gklight ray, radiateactinoid
adeno-, Gkglandadenoid
adip-, Lfatadipose
aeri-, Lairaerie
aero-, Gkair, aircraft, gasaerobic, aerodrome
agit-, ag-, ig-, -act, Lto driveagitate, agent, exigency, counteract
-agog, -agogue, Gkleadingdemagog, pedagogue
agon-, -agonist, Gkcontest, struggleagony, antagonist
agri-, agro-, Gkagriculture, fieldagriculture, agronomy
alb-, Lwhitealbino, albumin
-algia, Gkpainneuralgia
alien-, alia-, alter-, Lforeign, strange, otheralienation, alternative
allo-, Gkotherallotropy
alti, alto-, Lhigh, heightaltimeter
amat-, ami-, amo-, -amour, Lloveamatory, amicable, paramour
ambi-, Lbothambiguous
ambul-, Lto walkambulatory
amphi-, Gkbothamphibian
amylo-, Gkstarchamylopectin
andro-, -androus, anthropo-, Gkmanandroid, polyandrous, anthropology
anemo-, Gkwindanemometer
angi-, angu- anx-, Lchokingangina, anguish, anxiety
angio-, Gkvesselangiosperm
Anglo-, LEnglishAnglo-American
anima, Lbreath, mindanimal, animate
ankylo-, Gkbentankylosis
ann-, Lyearannual
antho-, Gkfloweranthophore, anthology
aqua-, aque-, Lwateraquatic, aqueous
arbor-, Ltree, beamarboretum
arch-, archi-, Gkchief, primitivearchitect
archeo-, Gkancientarcheology
-archy, Gkgovernmonarchy
arterio-, Gkarteryarteriosclerosis
arthro-, arthri-, Gkjointarthropod, arthritis
articul-, Ljointarticulate
asco-, Gkbagascospore
atmo-, Gkair, breath, windatmosphere
audio-, Lhearaudiovisual
aug-, Lincreaseaugment
auto-, Gkselfautomatic
auro-, auriculo-, Learauroventricular, auricle
aux-, Gkstrengthenauxiliary
avi-, Lbirdaviation
bacci-, Lberrybaccivorous
bacteri-, Gk & Lbacteriumbacteriophage
ball-, Gkto throwballistic
barb-, barbar-, Lbeardbarber, barbarian
baro-, bari-, Gkatmospheric pressure, weightbarometer, bariatrics
-base, bass-, Llowabase, bassoon
basis, basi-, Gka step, footbasic, basidium
bat-, Lto beatbattle
batho-, bathy-, Gkdeep, depthbathos, bathysphere
bi-, bin-, Ltwo, doublebisect, binary
bibl-, biblio-, Gkbookbible, bibliography
bio-, -biosis, Gklifebiography, symbiosis
blasto-, -blast, Gkbud, shootblastocele
blephar-, blepharo-, Gkeyelidblepharitis
bovi-, Lcattlebovine
brachio-, -brace, Gkarmbrachial
brachy-, Gkshortbrachycephaly
brady-, Gkslowbradycardia
branch-, Gkfin, paw, limbbranching
branchio-, -branch, Gkgillsbranchiopod
brevi-, Lshortbrevity
bronch-, broncho-, Gkwindpipebronchoscopy
bull-, Lbubblebullet, ebullient
burs-, Lpursebursar, bursitis
caco-, Gkbadcacophany
cad-, cid-, Lcase, casualty, to falldecadent, incident
cal-, chal-, Lto be hotcalorie, chaldron
calcul-, Lpebble, stonecalculate
calli-, Gkfair, beautifulcalligraphy
camer-, Lchamberbicameral
camp-, champ-, La plaincampus, champion
canal-, channel-, Lcanalcanalization
cani-, Ldogcanine
cap-, capt-, cept-, Lto seize, take hold ofcapable, capture, concept
capit-, cipit-, Lheadcapital, occipital
carbo-, carboni-, -carbon, Lcarboncarboniferous, fluorocarbon
cardio-, Gkheartcardiovascular, cardiac
carn-, Lfleshcarnivorous
carpo-, -carpous, Gkfruitcarpogonium, syncarpous
caus-, cus-, Lcausecausation, excuse
-cele, Gkcavity, tumor, hernia, swellingblastocele
-cene, Gkrecenteocene
ceno-, Gkcommoncenocyte
centi-, cent-, Lhundredcentimeter, century
centr-, Gk & Lcentercentral
cephalo-, -cephalic, -cephalous, Gkhead, brainmicrocephalic
cer-, cero-, Gk & Lwaxcerumin
cerebro-, Lbraincerebrospinal
cervic-, cervico-, Lneckcervical
chalc-, chalco-, Gkcopperchalcedony
chemo-, Gkchemicalchemotherapy
chilo-, Gklipchiloplasty
chiro-, Gkhandchiropody
chloro-, Gkgreen, chlorinechlorophyll, chloromethane
chole-, cholo-, Gkbilecholesterol
chondro-, Gkcartilagechondritis
choreo-, choro-, Gkdancechoreography, chorus
chromato-, chromo-, -chrome, Gkcolorchromatography
chron-, chrono-, Gktimechroni, chronograph
chryso-, Gkgoldchrysolite
-cidal, -cide, Lto killsuicidal, genocide
cine-, Gkmotion picturescinema
circ-, Lringcircle, circus
cirri-, cirro-, Lcurlycirrostratus
cit-, Lincitecite, solicit
clar-, Lclearclarify, declare
claud-, claus-, clud-, clus-, Lto shutclaustrophobia, occlude
climato-, Gkclimateclimatology
clino, -cline, Gk & Lslopeclinometer, incline
cocci-, -coccus, Gk & Lberry-shaped, bacteriumstreptococci
col-, cult-, Lto tillcolony, culture
colo-, Gkcoloncolorectal
colori-, Lcolorcolorimeter
cono-, Gkconeconoid
contra-, counter-, Lagainstcontrast
copro-, Gkdungcoprophagous
corn-, cornu-, Lhorncornea, cornucopia
cosmo-, Gkworld, universecosmology
cost-, costo-, Lribcostal
-cracy, -crat, Gkgoverndemocracy
cred-, Lbelievecredible, credit
cruci-, Lcrosscrucial
cryo-, Gkcoldcryogenic
crypto-, Gkhiddencryptogram
crystallo-, Gkcrystalcrystallography
cteno-, Gkcombctenoid
cupri-, cupro-, Lcoppercupric, cuprous
curr-, curs-, cour-, Lto runcurrent, excursion, course
curvi-, curva-, Lcurvedcurvilinear, curvaceous
cyano-, cyani-, Gkbluish, cyanogencyanotic, cyanide
cyclo-, -cyclic, -cycle, Gkcirclecyclopentane, tricycle
cymo-, Gkwavecymoscope
cyst-, cysto-, Gkbladder, cystcystic, cystotomy
cyto-, Gkcellcytoplasm
dactylo-, -dactyl, Gkfingerpterodactyl
deca-, Gktendecameron
deci-, La tenthdecile
demi-, Lhalfdemimonde
demn-, dam-, Llosscondemn, indemnity, damn
demo-, Gkpeopledemocrat
dendro-, -dendron, Gktreerhododendron
denti-, Ltoothdentition
dermato-, derm-, dermo-, Gkskindermatologist
deuter-, deutero-, Gksecond (adj.)deuterium
dextro-, Lrightambidextrous
di-, Gkdoubledimer
di-, dis-, Lapartdigress
digit-, digiti-, digito-, Lfingerdigitigrade
dino-, Gkterribledinosaur
diplo-, Gkdoublediploma, diplomacy
dodeca-, Gktwelvedodecahedron
dors-, dorsi-, dorso-, Lbackdorsoventral
-drome, -dromous, Gkrunhippodrome
duo-, du-, Ltwodualism
duoden-, duodeno-, Lduodenumduodenal
dyna-, dynamo-, Gkpowerdynamic, dynamometer
dys-, Gkbad, difficultdyslexia
echino-, Gkspinyechinoderm
ecto-, exo- Gkexternal, outsideectomorphy, exogenous
electro-, Gk & Lelectricelectromechanical
embryo-, Gkembryoembryology
-emia, Gkblood condition or diseasesepticemia
endo-, ento-, Gkinteriorendogenous
ennea-, Gknineennead
enter-, entero-, Gkintestineenteritis
eo-, Gkearly, earliesteocene
equ-, equi-, Lequal, like, sameequate
erg-, Gkworkergon
erythro-, Gkrederythrocyte
ethn-, ethno-, Gknationethnocentric
eu-, Gkgoodeuphoria
eury-, Gkbroadeurycephalic
extra-, extro-, Lexternalextraneous, extrovert
fac-, fec-, fic-, fact-, fect-, fict-, Lto dofact, perfect, deficit
febri-, Lfeverfebrile
-fend, -fense, Lto strikedefend
-fer, -ferous, Lbearingtransfer
ferro-, ferri-, Lironferric
fibro-, Lfibrousfibroid
fid-, Lfaithconfidence
fin-, Lendfinal, finance
fissi-, -fid, Lsplitfission
-fix, Lto fixprefix
flagr-, Lto burnconflagration
flexi-, Lbentflexible
flig-, -flict, Lto strikeprofligate, inflict
fluo-, fluoro-, fluor-, Lfluorescence, fluorinefluoride
flor-, flour-, Lflowerflorist, flourish
fluv-, fluvi-, fluvio-, Lriverfluvial
foli-, folia-, folio-, Lleaf, leafyfoliation
form-, -form, Lformformal, conform
fort-, forti-, Lstrongfortify
fract-, frang-, frag-, Lto breakfraction, frangible, fragment
fru-, fruit-, Lto enjoyfruition
fug-, fuge-, -fugal, Lto fleerefugee, centrifugal
fund-, found-, Lbottomfundament, profound
fungi-, Lfungusfungicide
galacto-, Gkmilkgalactose
Gallo-, Gall-, LFrenchGallic
gameto-, Gkgametegametophyte
gamo-, -gamy, Gkunion, sexual uniongamogenesis, oogamy
ganglio-, gangli-, Gkgangliongangliated
gastro-, gastero-, Gkstomach, abdomengastroenterology
gemm-, Lbudgemmule
gen-, Lkingenus
-gen, -genous, -geny, -gony, Gkproducingoxygen, cosmogony
genito-, Lgenitalgenitourinary
geo-, Gkearthgeography
geri-, geronto-, Gkold agegeriatric, gerontology
-gerous, Lbearingcrystalligerous
giganto-, Gkgiganticgigantomachy
glauco-, Gklight or blue-grayglaucoma
glosso-, gloss-, Gktongueglossary
glyco-, Gksweetglycolysis
glypto-, -glyph, Gkcarved, carvingglyptodont, hieroglyphics
gnatho-, -gnathous, Gkjawprognathous
-gon, gonio-, Gkanglepolygon, goniometer
-gonium, Gkseedsyngonium
gono-, Gkreproductiongonorrhea
-grade, -gress, Lwalking, stepplantigrade, congress
grani-, Lgraingraniform
grapho-, -graph, -graphy, -gram, Gkto writepolygraph
grat-, grate-, grati-, Lpleasinggratitude
Greco-, LGreekGreco-Roman
greg-, La flockaggregate, gregarious
gust-, gusta-, La tastingdisgust, gustatory
gymno-, gymn-, Gknakedgymnosophist, gymnast
gyneco-, gyneo- gyno-, Gkwoman, ovarygynecology
gyro-, gyr-, Gkcirclegyrate
hab-, hib-, Lto havehabit, inhibit
hagio-, hagi, Gksacredhagiography
halo-, Gksalt, seahalogen, halophyte
haplo-, Gksimple, singlehaploid
hect-, hecto-, Gkhundredhectare
-hedral, -hedron, Gksidepolyhedron
heli-, helico-, Gkspiralhelicopter
helio-, Gksunheliocentric
hema-, hemato-, hemo-, Gkbloodhematocrit
hemi-, Gkhalfhemisphere
hepa-, hepat-, hepato-, Gkliverheparin
hepta-, Gksevenheptad
her-, Lheirheredity
hernio-, Lherniaherniotomy
hetero-, Gkdifferentheteronym
hexa-, Gksixhexagon
hiero-, Gksacredhieroglyph
hippo-, Gkhorsehippocampus
histo-, Gktissuehistopathology
holo-, hol-, Gkwholehologram, holism
homo-, homeo-, homoio-, Gklike, samehomoiothermy
horr-, -hor, Lto bristlehorrible, abhor
hum-, Lthe groundhumus, humble
hyalo-, Gkglass, glassyhyaloid
hydro-, Gkwaterhydrotherapy
hygro-, Gkwethygrometer
hylo-, Gkmatter, materialhylozoism
hymeno-, Gkmembranehymenopterous
hypno-, Gksleephypnosis
hystero-, hyster-, Gkhysteria, uterushysterotomy, hysterical
i-, -it, Lto goexit, itinerary
-iasis, Gkdiseaseschistosomiasis
iatro-, -iatrics, -iatry, Gkmedicineiatrogenic, psychiatry
ichth-, ichthyo-, Gkfishichthyosaur
icono-, Gkimageiconoclast
ideo-, Gkideaideology
idio-, Gkindividualidiosyncrasy
igni-, Lfireignition
ileo-, -ileac, Lileum (small intestine)ileocecal
ilio-, -iliac, Liliumsacroiliac
inguin-, inguino-, Lgroininguinal
int-, Lwithinintestine, internal
intra-, intro-, Linterior, inwardintroduce
iodo-, Gkiodineiodoform
iso-, Gkequal, like, sameisometric
-itis, Gkinflammationchondritis
jac-, -ject, Lto throwadjacent, eject
jug-, junct-, -join, Lto join, yokeconjugal, conjunction
jur-, jus-, Lto swearjury, justify
juxta-, Lnearjuxtaposition
kerato-, Gkcornea, hornkeratin
kinesi-, kineto-, -kinesis, Gkmovementpsychokinesis
labi-, labio-, Lliplabium
labor-, Llaborelaborate
lac-, lec-, lic-, Lto enticedelectable
lacto-, Lmilklactose
laryngo-, Gklarynxlaryngoscope
lati-, Lbroadlatitude
leg-, lect-, Lto collect, readlegible, recollect
lepid-, lepido-, Gkscale, scalylepidopterous
-lepsy, -leptic, Gkseizureepilepsy
lept-, lepto-, Gksmall, thinkleptophyllous
leuko-, Gkwhiteleukocyte
levo-, Lleft, left-sidedlevotartaric
liber-, Lfreeliberty
lig-, Lto bindligament, oblige
ligni-, lign-, Lwoodlignite
lin-, La linedelineate
lip-, lipo-, Gkfatlipoma
litera-, La letterliterature
litho-, -lith, Gkstonemonolith
loc-, La placelocal, locomotion
logo-, log-, Gkspeech, wordlogic
-logy, -logical, Gkscience ofecology
longi-, Llonglongitude
luci-, Llightlucid
lumin-, lumini-, Llightilluminate
lun-, luni-, Lmoonlunar
lympho-, lymphat-, lymphato-, Llymphlymphoma
lyo-, -lysis, -lyte, Gkdissolvingelectrolyte
-machy, Gkfighttauromachy
macro-, Gklargemacrocosm
magneto-, Lmagnetmagnetosphere
magni-, Lgreat, largemagnificent
mal-, Lbadmaladjustment
man-, main-, Lhandmanner, maintain
-mancy, -mantic, Gkdiviningchiromancy
-mania, -maniac, Gkcravingmonomania
mast-, masto-, Gkbreastmastectomy
matri-, Lmothermatrilineal
medi-, medio-, Lmiddlemediocre
medico-, Lmedicinemedicolegal
mega-, megalo-, Gkgreatmegalomania
melan-, melano-, Gkblack, darkmelanin
mem-, Lrememberingmemoir
ment-, mon-, Lmindmental, demonstrate
mero-, -mere, -merous, Gkpart, of partsblastomere, trimerous
meso-, mes-, Gkmiddlemesozoic
metro-, -meter, -metry, Gkmeasuremetrology, centimeter, telemetry
micro-, Gksmallmicron
milli-, Lthousand, thousandthmillipede
mir-, mar-, Lwonderfulmiracle, marvel
miso-, mis-, Gkhatemisanthrope
-mit, -miss, Lto sendemit, mission
mod-, Lmannermodel, modify
mono-, Gkonemonocle
mor-, mori-, mort-, Lto diemorgue, mortal
-morph, morpho-, -morphic, -morphous, Gkformendomorph, amorphous
mot-, mov-, Lto moveemotion, remove
moun-, Lhillmound, mountain
muco-, muci-, Lmucus, slimymucilage
multi-, Lmanymultifaceted
myco-, -mycete, Gkfungusascomycete
myel-, myelo-, Gkspinal cordmyelin
myo-, Gkmusclemyocardial
myria-, Gkvery manymyriad
mytho-, Gkmythmythology
myxo-, Gkslimemyxophobia
narco-, Gktorpornarcolepsy
nas-, naso-, Lnosenasal
nati-, Lbirthnativity
necro-, Gkcorpsenecromancy
-nect, -nex, Lto bindconnect, annex
nemato-, Gkthreadnematode
neo-, Gknewneo-Freudian
nephro-, Gkkidneynephron
neuro-, Gknerveneuroanatomy
nitro-, nitr-, Lnitrogennitrate
noct-, nocti-, Lnightnocturnal
nomen-, nomin-, -noun, Lnamenomenclature, pronoun
nomo-, Gkcustom, lawnomothetic
noso-, -nose, -nosis, Gkdiseasediagnosis
not-, nit-, nis-, Lto get to knownotice, cognition
nota-, La marknotary, notation
noto-, Gka backnotochord
nucleo-, Lnucleusnucleotide
nudi-, Lbarenudity
numer-, Lnumberenumerate
nutr-, nur-, Lto nourishnutrition, nurse
nycti-, nycto-, nyct-, Gknightnyctalopic
octa-, octo-, Gk & Leightoctopus
oculo-, ocul-, Leyeoculist
odonto-, -odont, Gktoothodontology
odyno-, -odynia, Gkpainodynometer
-oid, -ode, Gklikespheroid
oleo-, Loiloleomargarine
oligo-, olig-, Gkfewoligarchy
-oma, Gktumorlymphoma
omni-, Lallomnipotent
oneiro-, Gkdreamoneiromancy
onto-, Gkexistenceontology
oo-, Gkeggoogonium
ophio-, Gksnakeophiophobia
ophthalmo-, Gkeyeophthalmologist
-opia, Gkvision defectmyopia
-opsis, Gkappearance, sightsynopsis
orb-, La circleorbit
orchido-, Gkorchidorchid
orchio-, orchi-, Gktesticleorchialgia
ord-, ordin-, Lorderordain, subordinate
organo-, Gkorgan, organicorganometallic
ornitho-, Gkbirdornithology
oro-, Lmouthoronasal
ortho-, Gkcorrect, uprightorthopedic
-osis, Gkdiseaseneurosis
ossi-, Lboneossify
oste-, osteo-, Gkboneosteoarthritis
oto-, Gkearotology
ovi-, ovo-, ov-, Leggovate
oxy-, Gkoxygen; sharpoxyacid; oxytone
pachy-, Gkthickpachyderm
paleo-, Gkancientpaleolithic
palmi-, palm-, Lpalmpalmitic
pan-, panto-, Gkallpandemic, pantothenic
par-, per-, Lto prepareapparatus, imperative
para-, Gknearparagraph
pari-, Lequal, likepar, disparity
-parous, Lbearingviviparous
part-, -part, Lpartdepart, partake
-pathy, patho-, Gkdisease, sufferingneuropathy, pathos
patri-, Lfatherpatrician
-ped, -pede, pedi-, Lfootimpede
peda-, pedo-, Gkchildpedagogue
-pel, Lto drivecompel
pelvi-, Lpelvispelvic
-pend, -pond, Lto weighdepend, ponder
penta-, Gkfivepentagon
petro-, Gkstonepetroglyph
-phage, phago-, -phagous, -phagy, Gkeatphagocyte
pharmaco-, Gkdrugpharmacology
pharyngo-, Gkpharynxpharyngoscope
-phasia, Gkspeech defectaphasia
pheno-, phanero-, -phany, Gkvisiblephenomenon
-philia, -phily, Gkmorbid lovepedophilia
philo-, -phile, Gklovephilosophy, bibliophile
phleb-, phlebo-, Gkveinphlebitis
-phobia, Gkfearagoraphobia
-phone, phono-, -phony, Gksoundphonograph
photo-, Gklightphotograph
phren-, phreno-, Gkbrain, mindschizophrenic, phrenology
phyl-, phylo-, Gkspeciesphylum, phylogeny
phyllo-, -phyllous, -phyll, Gkleaf, leafychlorophyll
physio-, Gknaturephysiocrat
-phyte, phyto-, Gkplant (bot.)phytoplankton
picr-, picro-, Gkbitterpicric
piezo-, Gkpressurepiezochemistry
pinna-, pinni-, Lfin, web, leafpinnate, pinniped
pisci-, Lfishpisciculture
plano-, Lflatplanoconvex
-plasia, -plasis, Gkgrowthhyperplasia
-plasm, Gkmaterial, mattercytoplasm
-plast, Gkcellchloroplast
-plastic, -plasty, Gkmaking, formingrhinoplasty
platy-, Gkflatplatypus
-plegia, Gkparalysisquadriplegia
plen-, Lto fillplenty
pleur-, pleuro-, Gkpleura, sidepleurisy
plic-, -plex, Lto foldimplicate, complex
plumb-, plumbo-, Llead (metal)plumbing
pneumat-, pneumato-, Gkbreathpneumatic
pneumo-, Gklungpneumothorax
-pod, -podous, Gkfootarthropod
-poietic, Gkmakinghematopoietic
polio-, Gkgray matterpoliomyelitis
poly-, Gkmanypolygyny
pon-, pos-, Lto placeopponent, position
popul-, pub-, Lpeoplepopular, public
port-, Lto carryportable
-prehend, Lto seizeapprehend
primi-, prim-, Lfirstprime
procto-, Gkrectumproctoscope
proto-, Gkfirstprototype
pseudo-, Gkfalsepseudonym
psycho-, psych-, Gkmind; spiritpsychology; psychic
psychro-, Gkcoldpsychrometer
ptero-, -pterous, -pter, Gkwingpterodactyl, helicopter
pulmo-, Llungpulmonary
punct-, pung-, Lto prickpuncture, pungent
pur-, Lpurepurity, puritan
-pute, Lclearcompute
py-, pye-, Gkpuspyorrhea
pyelo, Gkpelvispyelogram
pyro-, pyr-, Gkfirepyromania, pyre
quadri-, quadru-, Lfourquadrilateral
quasi-, Llike, as ifquasi-serious
-quer, -quire, -quest, Lto seekconquer, acquire, inquest
quin-, quinque-, quinqua-, Lfivequintuplet
radic-, Lrootradical
radio-, Lradiant energy, radio, radioactiveradioactivity, radioisotope
rat-, rati-, Lto supposeratio, ratify
recti-, Lstraightrectitude
recto-, Lrectumrectoabdominal
reg-, res-, Lto ruleregal, resource
ren-, reni-, Lkidneyrenal, reniform
rheo-, Gkcurrentrheostat
rhino-, Gknoserhinoceros
rhizo-, Gkrootrhizome
rot-, rotat-, La wheelrotor, rotate
-rrhea, -rrhagia, -rrhagic, -rrhage, Gkflowhemorrhage
-rupt, Lto breakinterrupt
sacchar-, saccharo-, Gksugarsaccharin
sacro-, Lsacrumsacroiliac
sangui-, Lbloodsanguine
sapro-, Gkdecomposesaprophyte
sarco-, Gkfleshsarcophagus
scato-, Gkdungscatological
-scend, Lto climbcondescend
schisto-, Gkto divideschistosome
schizo-, Gkto splitschizophrenia
sclero-, Gkhardsclerosis
-scope, -scopy, Gkobservationmicroscope
scoto-, Gkdarknessscotoma
-scribe, scrip-, Lto writedescribe, scripture
scyph-, Gk & Lcupscyphiform
seb-, sebi-, sebo-, Lfat, fattysebaceous
-sect, -section, Lcutbisect
sed-, sid-, -sess, siz-, Lto sitsediment, residue, possess, size
seismo-, Gkearthquakeseismograph
semi-, Lhalfsemiconductor
-sent, sent-, Lto feelassent, sentiment
sept-, septi-, Lsevenseptet
sequ-, sec-, Lto followsequence, second
sero-, Lserumserous
serv-, -serve, La slaveservant, conserve
sex-, Lsixsexagenarian
sider-, sidero-, Gkstarsidereal
-sign, La signassign, signal
silico-, Lsiliconsilicosis
simil-, sem-, Lsamesimilar, resemble
simplici-, Lsimplesimplicity
Sino-, LChineseSino-Soviet
sito-, -site, Gkfood, eatparasite
socio-, Lsocietysocioeconomic
sol-, solit-, Lalonesole, solitary
solu-, -solve, Lto loosensolution, resolve
somato-, -soma, -some, Gkbodychromosome
somn-, somni-, Lsleepinsomnia
-son, son-, Lsoundsonata
-sophy, -sopher, Gkknowledge ofphilosopher
spec-, -spect, Lto lookspecimen, inspect
spectro-, Lspectrumspectrogram
speleo-, spel-, Gk & Lcavespelunker
spermo-, spermato-, -spermous, Gkseed, spermatozoaspermatozoid
-sphere, Gkspherehemisphere
sphygmo-, Gkpulsesphygmomanometer
spiro-, spir-, Gkspiralspirogyra, spiral
spiro-, -spire, spir-, Lbreathspirometer, inspire, spirit
-stant, -sist, -stitute, -stance, Lto standconstant, desist, institute, substance
-stat, Gkto stopthermostat, static
stato-, stat-, Gkpositionstatus
stell-, stelli-, Lstarstellar
steno-, Gknarrowstenosis
stereo-, Gksolidstereophonic
stetho-, Gkcheststethoscope
-stomy, Gksurgical openingileostomy
-strict, -strain, Lto draw tightconstrict, restrain
-struct, Lto buildconstruct
sulfa-, sulfo-, Lsulfursulfonamide
sup-, sum-, Labovesuperior, summit
tachy-, Gkswifttachyon
-tain, tang-, Lto touchattain, tangible
tauro-, Gkcattletauromachy
tauto-, Gksametautology
taxo-, -taxis, -taxy, Gkordertaxonomy
techno-, Gkart, technicaltechnology
teg-, -tect, Lto covertegument, detect
tele-, teleo-, telo-, Gkfar, finaltelevision, teleology
temp-, Ltimetemporary
ten-, -tain, Lto holdtenacity, contain
ter-, tre-, tri-, Lthreetercentenary
terato-, Gkmonsterteratology
termin-, Lendexterminator
terr-, -ter, Lto scareterror, deter
terri-, Learthterritory
test-, -test, Lwitnesstestament, contest
tetra-, Gkfourtetrad
-text, text-, Lto weavecontext, textile
thanato-, Gkdeaththanatology
theo-, Gkgodtheology
thermo-, Gkheatthermometer
thio-, GksulfurThiokol
thorac-, thoraco-, Gkthoraxthoracic
thyro-, Gkthyroidthyroxin
tom-, -tome, tomo-, Gkknife, cuttingtome, epitome, tomograph
tono-, Gktonetonometer
topo-, Gkplacetopology
tot-, toti-, Lwholetotalitarian
toxico-, Gkpoisontoxicology
tracheo-, Gktracheatracheotomy
-tract, treat-, Lto drawextract, treatise
trib-, Ltribecontribute
tricho-, Gkhairtrichomonad
trop-, -troupous, -tropy, Gkturnedtropism
tropho-, -trophy, Gknourishmentdystrophy
typhlo-, Gkblindtyphlosis
typo-, Gktypetypology
ultima-, ultra-, Lbeyondultimate
uni-, Loneunite
urethr-, urethro-, Gkurethraurethral
urin-, urino-, Lurineurinary
uro-, -uria, Gkurineglycosuria
uter-, utero-, Luterusuterology
vagin-, vagino-, Lvaginavaginectomy
val-, -vail, Lto be strongvalid, prevail
vari-, vario-, Ldifferentvarious
vaso-, Lvesselvasodilation
vei-, -vey, veh-, Lto carryvein, convey, vehicle
ven-, veni-, Lveinvenous
ven-, -vent, -vene, Lto turnavenue, adventure, convene
ventr-, ventro-, Labdomenventral
ver-, verit-, Ltrueverdict, very, verity
vermi-, Lwormvermiculite
-verse, -vert, vert-, Lto turnadverse, revert, vertigo
via-, vio-, -vey, -voy, Lwayviaduct, obvious, convey, convoy
vic-, -vid, vis-, -view, -vise, Lto seeevident, visage, review, supervise
vice-, Lsubstitutevice-president
vin-, vini-, Lwine, grapesvineyard, viniculture
-vince, -vict, Lto conquerconvince, evict
vitr-, vitri-, Lglassvitreous, vitriform
viv-, -vive, Lto livevivacity, survive
voc-, -voke, Lvoicevocal, evoke
-volve, -volt, Lto rollevolve, revolt
vor-, -vorous, Leatvoracious, omnivorous
xeno-, Gkforeignxenophobia
xero-, Gkdryxerography
xylo-, Gkwoodxylophone
zoo-, Gkanimalzoology
zygo-, Gkpair, yokezygote
-zyme, zymo-, Gkfermentationenzyme

Prefixes

Greek/LatinEnglishExample(s)
a-, an-, Gknotamoral, anesthesia
ab-, a-, abs-, Lfrom, away, off, away from, downabject, absent
ad-, a-, ac-, af-, ag-, al-, an-, ap-, ar-, as-, at-, Lto, towardadmit, align, accept, affinity, aggregate, alleviate, annex, appear, arrest, assimilate, attend
ana-, Gkagainanadiplosis
ana-, Gkaccording to, similar toanalog
ana-, Gkthoroughlyanaphylaxis
ana-, Gkupanalysis, anabolism
ana-, Gkuponanaclitic
ante-, Gk & Lbeforeantediluvian
anti-, Gkagainstantiaircraft
apo-, Gkaway from, offapogee
cata-, cath-, cat-, Gkdown, away, in accordance with, against, very, completelycatacomb, catalog, catharsis, catabolism
cis-, Lon this side ofcisalpine
com-, co-, col-, con-, cor-, Lwith, together, very, thoroughlycombat, collect, connect, correspond
contra-, Lagainstcontradict
de-, Lnotdecentralize
de-, Ldowndecline
dia-, Gkthroughdiameter
dis-, di-, Lapart, notdisperse, disapprove, digress
en-, el-, em-, Lin, intoencounter, embed
endo-, Gkwithinendogenous
epi-, eph-, Gkon, beside, among, outside, over, beforeepilog, epitome, epiphenomenon
ex-, e-, ec-, ef-, Gk & Lout, off, from, beyond, not, thoroughlyexhale, exclude, exceed, efface
exo-, Gkoutsideexogenous
extra-, Loutsideextracurricular
hyper-, Gkover, above, beyondhyperactive
hypo-, Gkunder, beneath, less thanhypokinesis
in-, il-, im-, ir-, Lin, into, oninvade, induce
in-, il-, im-, ir-, Lnot, againstinimical
inter-, Lbetween, among, together, mutualintermix, interdependent
intra-, Lwithinintramural
juxta-, Lnext tojuxtapose
mal-, Lbadly, evilmalcontent, maltreat
meta-, met-, Gkafter, beyond, changed, along withmetaphysics, metamorphosis
mis-, Lbadlymisadventure
non-, Lnotnonchalant
ob-, oc-, of-, op-, Lagainstobverse, oppress
para-, Gkbeside, beyondparallel
per-, Lthrough, very, thoroughlypercussion
peri-, Gkaround, about, round, nearperimeter, perigee
post-, Lafterpostpartum, postwar
pre-, Lbeforepremarital
preter-, Lbeyondpreternatural
pro-, Gkbeforeprogestin
pro-, Lforproslavery
pro-, Gk & Lforwardprogress
pro-, Lsubstitutepronoun
re-, Lagain, backrerun, return
retro-, Lback, backwardretrograde
sub-, suc-, suf-, sug-, sum-, sup-, sur-, sus-, Lunder, less, subordinate, divisionsubstance, subcategory, suffer
subter-, Lunder, beneath, less thansubterfuge
super-, supra-, Lover, above, exceedingsuperpose, suprarational
sym-, sy-, syl-, syn-, Gkwith, associated, simultaneoussymmetry, syllogism, synthesis
trans-, Lon that side of, acrosstranspose
ultra-, Lbeyond, exceedingultraconservative

Suffixes of Adjectives

Greek/LatinEnglishExample(s)
-able, -ive, Ltending toirritable, restive
-able, -ile, -il, Lable to, able to beteachable, ductile
-ac, L & Gkaffected bymaniac
-ac, -ic, Gk & Lpertaining toiliac, manic
-aceous, -al, -ar, -ary, -ile, -il, -ine, -ory, Gk & Lpertaining tocurvaceous, dorsal, temporary, puerile, promissory
-al, -ate, -id, Lcharacterized byjovial, ornate, flaccid
-an, Lcoming from, originating inEuropean
-an, Ladhering to or followingRepublican
-an, Lbelonging to (in biology)crustacean
-ant, -ent, Ldoing, agencyerrant, decadent
-escent, Lbeginning toobsolescent
-fic, -ficent, Lcausing, makingterrific, magnificent
-ine, -in, -ing, -ive, -ory, Llike, of the nature ofbovine, charming, desultory
-ose, -ous, Lfull ofverbose, aqueous

Suffixes of Nouns

Greek/LatinEnglishExample(s)
-al, Linstance, nouns formed from adjs.oval, signal
-al, Lact, actionrecital
-ana, LcollectionAmericana
-ance, -ence, -ancy, -ency, Lact, condition, concrete thingassistance, violence, eminence
-arium, -ary, -orium, -ory, Lplaceaquarium, apiary, auditorium, dormitory
-ary, Lpractitionernotary
-ate, Lofficeepiscopate
-ate, Lresultmandate
-cion, -sion, -ion, -tion, Laction, result, conditionascension, demolition, condition
-ese, -ic, -ics, Gknative art, systemChinese, chiropractic, phonics
-ist, Lpractitionerpsychiatrist
-ist, -ite, Gkadvocate, adherentseparatist, Jacobite
-ite, Gkdescendent ofIsraelite
-ite, GknativeCanaanite
-ity, Lconditionacidity
-ium, Lchemical elementuranium
-ment, Lact, condition, instrument, resultmovement, predicament, instrument
-mony, Lresultalimony
-or, Lpractitionerelector
-ory, Linstrumentdepilatory
-trix, Lfemale practitioneraviatrix
-tude, Lconditionnegritude
-ure, Laction, office, result, instrumentdivestiture, suture

Suffixes of Verbs

Greek/LatinEnglishExample(s)
-ate, Lcombine, combine with, treat withassociate, medicate
-esce, Lbegincoalesce
-fy, Lbecome, makesolidify, codify
-ize, Gkbecome, make, practice, treat withrealize, canonize, idolize, simonize

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